UPSC MAINS 2019 ESSAY PAPER ANALYSIS, QUESTIONS CAME IN MAINS 2019 FROM EDEN IAS STEPS- DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE COURSE.
Civil Services Examination is one of the most prestigious competition in India well known for its diversity of syllabus and the standard of questions asked in the examination.
Here we are going to talk about Essay Paper of UPSC MAINS 2019 held on 20th Sept 2019.
As per our Mains appearing students, the question paper was neither very tough nor easy… A moderated kind of paper holding a dominance of Philosophical Essays to trick aspirants in section A of the question paper e.g.;
Essay no 1- WISDOM FINDS TRUTH.
Essay no 2- VALUES ARE NOT WHAT HUMANITY IS, BUT WHAT HUMINATY OUGHT TO BE.
Essay no 3- BEST FOR AN INDIVIDUAL IS NOT NECESSARILY BEST FOR THE SOCIETY.
Essay no 4- COURAGE TO ACCEPT AND DEDICATION TO IMPROVE ARE TWO KEYS TO SUCCESS.
This part was poured with different dimensions and was inclined to current issues of National and International importance. And one can say that, this section was a bit relieving for students as compared to section A.
Let’s check all probable dimensions…
Essay no 5- SOUTH ASIAN SOCIETIES ARE WOVEN NOT AROUND THE STATE BUT AROUND THEIR PLURAL CULTURES AND PLURAL IDENTITIES.
• Culture & Diversity
• International relations.
• Regional Identities. Etc…
Essay no 6- NEGLECT OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE AND EDUCATION IN INDIA ARE REASONS FOR BACKWARDNESS
• Primary Health care.
• Governance at large.
• Indian society.
Essay no 7- BIASED MEDIA IS A REAL THREAT TO INDIAN DEMOCRACY.
• Media Ethics (Paid News, Sensationlization of news, Public opinion etc.…)
• Democratic values.
• Freedom of speech and expression.
• Rights v/s Responsibilities etc.….
Essay no 8- RISE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE; THE THREAT OF JOBLESS FUTURE OR BETTER JOB OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH RESKILLING AND UPSKILLING.
• Evolving Science & Technology.
• Artificial Intelligence.
• Labour Market dynamics.
• Growth with Technology etc.…
HOW TO CHOOSE AN ESSAY???
Choosing an Essay topic is the most important STEP in Essay writing, which comes from a regular practice, I must say at least one essay per week. (For which you can check STEPS- A daily mains answer writing practice course by EDEN IAS www.edenias.com | https://www.edenias.com/steps-daily-mains-answer-writing-programme/ where you get one essay per week and evaluation within 72 hrs..)
Before choosing an essay following points should be kept in mind…
• Familiarity with keywords in the topic helps you to broaden your dimensions.
• Choose one such topic for which you are rich with content. (Prefer topics associated with current issues.)
• Prejudices against philosophical topics needs to be avoided. (There are many examples of toppers scoring high writing philosophical essays.)
• Selecting a topic on which you can write relevant quotes or phrases.
• Try to choose a diverse topic so that you are not short of dimensions and content.
• Avoid choosing similar topics for both the essays.
• Aspirants should not devote more than 5 minutes in choosing topics.
STRUCTURING AN ESSAY???
“The key to a good story structure is to write a great beginning and a great ending and keep them close together!!”
Some points to keep in mind structuring an Essay in UPSC / IAS Exam…
• UPSC never demand for flowery language or tough vocabulary to express your essay.
• Don’t try to make your essay a comprehensive one, instead you can focus on four to five dimensions and explain them properly.
(Because no essay can be comprehensive in totality.)
• There are diverse ways of writing an essay, don’t confined yourself to any particular model. (People try acronyms or try to conclude through general studies papers.)
• The first and foremost task to start an essay is to dedicate you 15 to 20 mins at least to frame a rough work.
• It is very important to stick to the topic throughout the essay with a flow that interlinks all your ideas.
• How you begin and where you end up to is the most important aspect of your essay as it keeps your examiner in a rhythm while evaluating your paper.
• Don’t repeat or overfeed any particular point.
• Try to quote examples while expressing your ideas which gives support to your thoughts.
There are three basic parts of an essay;
• Introduction. (80 – 120 words.)
• Main Body of the Essay. (700 – 800 words)
• Conclusion. (100 – 150 words)
A sample approach….
You can start your essay with a quote or a story or a comparison or some religious shloka etc.….
Briefly write your position and name the dimension which you are going to cover in your essay.
We would suggest you to write main body in following ways...
• Cover different dimensions like POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, CULTURAL, RELIGIOUS, ENVIRONMENTAL, LEGAL, INTERNATIONAL, ETHICAL etc… (Form your own acronyms to memorize them.)
• Another approach could be, to start with PAST, taking it to PRESENT and concluding with FUTURE.
We can conclude the essay on following thoughts….
• CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS such as FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS, DPSPs, FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES etc….
• SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS,
• Talk about INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.
• Add words of enlightened people or end with a positive story.
NOW WE WILL DISCUSS TWO ESSAYS ONE FROM EACH SECTIONS OF UPSC CSE MAINS 2019
“COURAGE TO ACCEPT AND DEDICATION TO IMPROVE ARE TWO KEYS TO SUCCESS”
STEP 1 – Quote
Kites rise highest against the wind – not with it.!!
- Winston Churchil.
STEP 2 – Brief the statement of the topic. (30 – 40 words)
The world belongs to those who have courage to accept their flaws and to move on with a rejoiced energy with a reformed personality keeping the future endeavors in their minds….
STEP 3 – Now start with various dimensions
Political- For example in Europe earlier there used to be absolute monarchies then in the time of enlightenment people started realizing the flaws of authoritarian rule. As a result of which they started protesting against the State, the of their dedicated efforts they could win rights and democracy thereafter. (Elaborate further…)
Economic- Slavery and serfdom were prevalent in North America and the leaders of that time realized flaws in such system and with their dedicated efforts they could abolish such system. As a result of which capitalism came into picture. Capitalism too had its short coming which came to surface during great depression. Therefore, KEYNES came up with a proposal of role of government in market. (Elaborate further….).
SOCIAL – Untouchability and caste system were rigidly prevalent in Indian society so the socio-religious reformers like RAJARAM MOHAN ROY, DAYANAND SARASWATI etc.… took these issues up in even times when conservative elements were continuously targeting their reforms. Such reforms were later part of Indian freedom struggle. After independence untouchability was constitutionally abolished and caste-based discrimination were also eradicated. (Elaborate further…)
RELIGIOUS – As per Hindu mythology when Devtas and Asuras were fighting and Devtas were losing, Then Devatas realized that they should appoint someone as their leader (INDRA) so that can form an organized battle against Asuras. After such realization they could defeat Asuras.
When Jew religion became conservative Jesus Christ gave a hope of change to people and hence Christianity came into picture after facing lots of hurdles ahead of conservative thoughts. Now when catholic Christians became conservative, protestants gave another window of liberty to people. (Elaborate further…)
1. Ashoka after kalinga war was changed his way of expansion from WAR to DHAMMA. After Dhamma he became a true emperor of India.
2. Learning from 1857 debacle leaders of that time analyzed that an organized effort is required to challenge British might. Hence Indian national Congress came up….
3. ISRO realized that it had limited resources to finance MARS MISSION for India, so they put dedicated efforts to make project successful. And which lead to one of the most cost efficient and productive Mission. (Add further examples…)
Various issues of time can be resolved such as…
1. Climate change
2. Conservation of wildlife
3. Migration crisis and civil wars
4. Women empowerment
5. Extremism etc…
Elaborate these points and end with a decent quote.
ESSAY - 6
“NEGLECT OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE AND EDUCATION IN INDIA ARE REASONS FOR ITS BACKWARDNESS”
STEP 1 – Start with a story.
Raju and Mohit belong to two extreme different socio- economic backgrounds. Raju being a son of a domestic help in Mohit’s house and Mohit’s father is an industrialist. But as friendship has no boundaries, they are very close to each other.
Rohit is blessed to have all good from his childhood- best health care, education, etc… in contrast Raju’s condition is all together opposite. They grew together but now Mohit has his own start up in software industry and he is flourishing well. But Raju is still struggling for livelihood after graduating from a govt college.
This story clearly justifies the topic that lack of “primary health care and education are responsible for India’s backwardness”
STEP 2 – Briefing dimensions of the essay.
In this essay first we will discuss importance of primary health care and education in development of a Nation. Then we will see how it is the reason for backwardness of India. After that we will have a look at facts and figures about primary health care and education in India.
Then shift to the reasons for neglect of primary health care and education. Now we will count on government efforts addressing these issues. Later we will discuss some best practices around the world supporting these areas. And this would lead to conclusion of the essay.
STEP 3 – Now start with various dimensions
1. Primary Health care & Education: Contribution in development. (Explain with 4 -5 points and examples)
2. Poor primary health care & education: Indication of backwardness. (Explain with 4 -5 points and examples)
3. Facts and figures: A brief look. (Quote data from govt. sources, surveys etc.…)
4. Neglect of primary health care and education: Primary reasons.
5. Government efforts: Brief analysis.
6. Best international practices: A Learning experience. (Quote Nordic countries, Japan etc)
CONCLUSION: ROAD TO IMPROVEMENT
1. Constitution – Relate to Article 21, 21(a), DPSPs and Fundamental duties.
2. SDGs – For example SDG 3 & 4.
3. Declarations on primary health care. Eg- Astana declaration.
4. International cooperation in education. Eg- GIAN.
5. End with a quote or a phrase or a shloka.
This can be possible help to write an essay. But most important is… Every student should focus on regular practice if they want to score good in essay.
EDEN IAS PROVIDES A DAILY MAINS ANSWER WRITING COURSE KNOWN AS STEPS.
We are proud to announce that there are 3 to 4 questions in essay are from our program STEPS.
We are going to provide some links to give reference to those questions.
All the best!!!